The role of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue measurements and their ratio by magnetic resonance imaging in subjects with prediabetes, diabetes and healthy controls from a general population without cardiovascular disease / Corinna Storz, Sophia D Heber, Susanne Rospleszcz, Jürgen Machann, Sabine Sellner, Konstantin Nikolaou, Roberto Lorbeer, Sergios Gatidis, Stefanie Elser, Annette Peters, Christopher L Schlett, Fabian Bamberg

Objective: To study the relationship of area- and volumetric-based visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT and SAT) by MRI and their ratio in subjects with impaired glucose metabolism from the general population. Methods: Subjects from a population-based cohort with established prediabetes, diabetes and healthy controls without prior cardiovascular diseases underwent 3 T MRI. VAT and SAT were assessed as total volume and area on a single slice, and their ratio (VAT/SAT) was calculated. Clinical covariates and cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension and glycemic state were assessed in standardized fashion. Univariate and adjusted analyses were conducted. Results: Among 384 subjects (age: 56.2 ± 9.2 years, 58.1% male) with complete MRI data available, volumetric and single-slice VAT, SAT and VAT/SAT ratio were strongly correlated (all >r = 0.89). Similarly, VAT/SATvolume ratio was strongly correlated with VATvolume but not with SAT (r = 0.72 and r = −0.21, respectively). Significant higher levels of VAT, SAT and VAT/SAT ratio were found in subjects with impaired glucose metabolism (all p ≤ 0.01). After adjustment for potential cardiovascular confounders, VATvolume and VAT/SATvolume ratio remained significantly higher in subjects with impaired glucose metabolism (VATvolume = 6.9 ± 2.5 l and 3.4 ± 2.3 l; VAT/SATvolume ratio = 0.82 ± 0.34 l and 0.49 ± 0.29 l in patients with diabetes and controls, respectively, all p < 0.02), whereas the association for SATvolume attenuated. Additionally, there was a decreasing effect of glycemic status on VAT/SATvolume ratio with increasing body mass index and waist circumference (p < 0.05). Conclusions: VATvolume and VAT/SATvolume ratio are associated with impaired glucose metabolism, independent of cardiovascular risk factors or MRI-based quantification technique, with a decreasing effect of VAT/SATvolume ratio in obese subjects. Advances in knowledge: Quantification of VATvolume and VAT/SATvolume ratio by MRI represents a reproducable biomarker associated with cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with impaired glucose metabolism, while the association of VAT/SATvolume ratio with glycemic state is attenuated in obese subjects.

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Persons: Storz, Corinna [Author]; Heber, Sophia D [Author]; Rospleszcz, Susanne [Author]; Machann, Jürgen [Author]; Sellner, Sabine [Author]; Nikolaou, Konstantin [Author]; Lorbeer, Roberto [Author]; Gatidis, Sergios [Author]; Elser, Stefanie [Author]; Peters, Annette [Author]; Schlett, Christopher L. [Author]; Bamberg, Fabian [Author]
Format: eArticle
Language(s):English
Publication:2018
Part of:BJR 91(2018,1089) Artikel-Nummer 20170808, 10 Seiten
Notes:Gesehen am 20.04.2020
Physical description:10
ISSN:1748-880X
DOI:10.1259/bjr.20170808