Solution structure and flexibility of the condensin HEAT-repeat subunit Ycg1 / Karen Manalastas-Cantos, Marc Kschonsak, Christian H. Haering, and Dmitri I. Svergun

High-resolution structural analysis of flexible proteins is frequently challenging and requires the synergistic application of different experimental techniques. For these proteins, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) allows for a quantitative assessment and modeling of potentially flexible and heterogeneous structural states. Here, we report SAXS characterization of the condensin HEAT-repeat subunit Ycg1Cnd3 in solution, complementing currently available high-resolution crystallographic models. We show that the free Ycg1 subunit is flexible in solution but becomes considerably more rigid when bound to its kleisin-binding partner protein Brn1Cnd2 The analysis of SAXS and dynamic and static multiangle light scattering data furthermore reveals that Ycg1 tends to oligomerize with increasing concentrations in the absence of Brn1. Based on these data, we present a model of the free Ycg1 protein constructed by normal mode analysis, as well as tentative models of Ycg1 dimers and tetramers. These models enable visualization of the conformational transitions that Ycg1 has to undergo to adopt a closed rigid shape and thereby create a DNA-binding surface in the condensin complex.

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Persons: Manalastas-Cantos, Karen [Author]; Kschonsak, Marc [Author]; Häring, Christian [Author]; Svergun, Dmitri I. [Author]
Format: eArticle
Language(s):English
Publication:July 26, 2019
Part of:The journal of biological chemistry 294(2019), 37, Seite 13822-13829
Subjects:condensin
conformational change
DNA binding protein
dynamic light scattering (DLS)
HEAT-repeat
oligomer
protein flexibility
size exclusion chromatography with multiangle static light scattering (SEC-MALS)
small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)
structural model
Notes:Gesehen am 27.02.2020
Physical description:8
ISSN:1083-351X
DOI:10.1074/jbc.RA119.008661